About TSS(Toxic Shock Syndrome)

What is TSS?

TSS(Toxic Shock Syndrome) is a rare but life-threatening health condition. It is commonly caused by the infection of streptococcus pyogenes or sinfetaphylococcus aureus and its release of toxins into the bloodstream. Common symptoms like high fever, headache, fainting, muscle pain, vomiting, lower abdominal pain, diarrhea, rash, low blood pressure, or even shock may occur. 

These bacteria can be commonly found on human skin, nose, mouth and other body parts, but only when they intrude the circulatory system and release toxins would bring severe harm to our bodies. Though TSS warnings are commonly related to tampons, this does not mean the usage of tampons must lead to TSS infection, nor it means TSS infection only happens on tampons. In fact, the number of reported cases of TSS infection has decreased in recent years, while most menstrual-product-related-infection cases are caused by improper usages, like using high-absorbency products when the flow is low, or using one single product for too long. This could make the vagina become too dry and wounds could occur on the vaginal wall, providing an environment for the infection to occur.

We recommend the followings to minimize the chance of infection:Read carefully and strictly follow the instructions before using any menstrual products or insertive contraceptive products;Always be aware of your own body condition, especially when you have had wounds and are using menstrual products or insertive contraceptive products. Stop using such products immediately (if possible) and seek medical help;Wash your hands thoroughly before using menstrual products and insertive contraceptive products;Trim your nails before using any insertive products to avoid scratching your vagina and increase the risk of infection;Sanitize your menstrual cup thoroughly before your first use and after the final use in your period.Change a new tampon every 4-8 hours;Empty and clean your menstrual cup / menstrual disc at least once every 8 hours;Empty and clean your menstrual cup / menstrual disc or change a new menstrual product before sleep and after wake up;Do not leave any menstrual product inside your body over 12 consecutive hours; Avoid using products with high absorbency or volume rating without actual need. Always choose a product with lowest absorbency or volume rating possible during your period;Stop using any insertive menstrual products after your period ends;Do not use insertive menstrual products if your have suffered from TSS before.